A brief History of Shimla :
Shimla , the former summer capital of the British Raj , is perched at an altitude of 6500 ft in the invigorating environment of the majestic Himalayas among well wooded hills .Though modern Shimla in itself is rather crowded , most of is natural trails and walks in the woods ,with the scent of pine , have survived .The old bungalows with gabled roofs and tall gothic structures still stand majestically amidst giant pines and furs , with lingering colonial air wafting through their portals providing an exclusive escapade and refreshing holidays in perfect tranquility away from the sweltering heat of the plains.
Shimla is built on a central ridge ,around which seven peaks jut into the sky . choose a hill for what interests you - churches, temples, colonial mansions or markets.
Prospect and Summer Hills
A 15 minutes walk from Baluganj leads upto Kamnadevi Temple at the summit of prospect hill ,Shimla's Westernmost .Near the University administrative block stands a magestic mansion MANORVILLE - in which Mahatma Gandhi once stayed. Also visit Himalayan aviary.
Walk through oak and rhododendron forests to emerge at Squire house near the Vice regal Lodge on observatory hill , called Indian institute of Advanced Studies also visit Gaiety Theatre.
Inverarm And Bantony Hills
See the decorative wood carvings, jewellery, manuscripts arms and armory at the Himachal State Museum at the top of Inverarm Hills.
The godess Shamla , from whom the name Shimla was derived is the presiding deity of the more than 150 year old Kali Bari Temple on Bentony hills. Also visit St Michael's Cathedral.
Elysium And Jakhoo Hills
Tucked behind Jakhoo hills , reaching out towards the Outer spur of the Shimla ridge,Elysium Hill affords view of all of Shimla spread out below.Lord Auckland Chose this Hill for his home. Auckland House ,now a school is on the way to Lakkarbazar. Go further up Elysium towards the suburbs for the trek to the village of Pabo and Kamiana ,which goes over very picturesque trails.
Jakhoo hill, the tallest of the seven Hills, on which sprawls central Shimla, is crowned by Hanuman Temple. This is the hill you must climb to enjoy the most sublime sunrises that Shimla offers. Christ Church ,whose silhouette can be seen for miles around, is also here.
Some Facts of Shimla :
Area : 18 Square Kilometer
Climate Summer : Max. 27°C, Min. 08°C
Climate Winters : Max. 18°C, Min. -01°C.
Rainfall : 137.5 Cms. - 162.5 Cms.
Clothing Required : Light woolen in summers, Heavy woolen in winters.
Altitude : 2130 Meters ( 6988 Ft.)
How to Reach Shimla :
By Air : The airport is at Jubberhatti 20 Kms. from Shimla town, and is connected to Kullu and Delhi by Air Deccan/Kingfisher daliy flights. Chandigarh airport is 125 Kms.
By Road : Shimla is connected by road to all major centers of North India. Semi Luxury and Volvo coaches are available.
By Rail : Shimla is connected by a broad gauge line up to Kalka. From Kalka to Shimla, a narrow gauge line covers 96 kilometers, of track. The journey by train, which takes about six hours, crossing 103 tunnels is one of the finest ways of enjoying the scenic beauty. There is another option for a fast train Shiwalik Express or a delightful ride in the Rail Car
Some Important Distances From Shimla :
» Kalka : 87 Km.
» Chandigarh : 117 Km.
» Ambala : 166 Km.
» Delhi : 370 Km.
» Manali : 270 Km.
» Dharamsala : 266 Km.
» Mandi : 145 Km.